Renewable Energy of Sri Lanka
The future of the renewable energy of Sri Lanka.
The fossil fuel reservoirs under the continents are fast running out. We are now searching deep in to the ocean bed for fuel oil. Coal, natural gas resources are also almost spent.
With everyday progression of technology, we are in need of more and more power sources and the Storages are running out faster. Within next 50-100 years, most of the conventional fuels Sources will be fully empty. Mankind is standing on the verge of a major energy crisis.
Our existence of modern technology will be under grave threat if we don't find a solution now. The only way out of this problem is to look for help from nature. There is a plenty of energy that is present in and around us. We have to tap in to the sources of never-ending energy and keep marching towards a brighter future.
Energy is not only electricity, as most people seem to think.
Energy is the capacity of a system to do work, and as same as ability to do work. There are many numbers of energy sources in present world, which use to generate power to run the world. Some of them are fossil fuels, nuclear power, hydropower, biomass, wind power and the solar power. But all of these energy sources can be divided in to two main categories.
Those are Renewable and Non-renewable energy. Renewable energy is defined as 'a form of energy resources that is replaced by a natural process at a rate which is equal to or faster than the rate of which that resource is being consumed'. Renewable energy sources include,
a. Solar energy from the sun, which can be turned into electricity and heat.
c. Geothermal energy from heat inside the Earth
d. Biomass from plants, which includes firewood from trees, ethanol from corn, and biodiesel from vegetable oil.
e. Hydropower from hydro turbines at a dam.
f. Wave and Tidal power
Non renewable energy is a form of energy resource, which is hard to replace and recreate by a natural process at an equal or faster rate than the rate which that resource is being consumed. Non renewable energy source included,
a. Fossil fuels- oil, natural gasses and coal.
b. Element uranium- through the nuclear fission process.
The positive characteristic of the Sri Lankan energy situation is that nearly 52 % of primary energy consumption is renewable and indigenous. The remainder is fossil fuel generated and all fossil fuel requirements have to be imported.
At present the Focus of the government and commercial sector is only on commercial fuels and generating electricity. The negligence of not addressing issues of the non commercial energy sector and servicing the vital functions of cooking and small industrial activities are not seen by the politicians or the development officials has created social injustice.
As per the recent government reports 45% of the population live below the poverty line and cannot afford the fuels of high prices. The viable option is promoting and yielding the potential of country's renewable energy sources. It is recommended that following measures to be taken immediately to create energy self sufficient Sri Lanka before it is too late.
DaNIEL of Sri Lanka
About the Author:
TR Daniel, BSC Mgt & Tech,b. Development thinking in the country promotes and favours only commercial and modern fuels. This lack of awareness of the general public on renewable energy has created many barriers in implementing unpopular renewable energy Projects Island wide. Renewable energy to be included as a subject in school curriculum in order to make it aware for the younger generation. Media too has a responsibility to make the general public aware on the importance of renewable energy
By Tony Daniel